Open-source Maker, Mover and Shaker Takes Share-everything Philosophy to the Mainstream

Maria J. Danford

Forget dog-eat-dog. We’re hardwired to cooperate, says Michigan Tech engineer and educator Joshua Pearce. His new book tells — and shows — how to survive and thrive by sharing not just a little bit, but aggressively and widely. Pearce says communities are stronger, more innovative and better able to rise […]

Forget dog-eat-dog. We’re hardwired to cooperate, says Michigan Tech engineer and
educator Joshua Pearce. His new book tells — and shows — how to survive and thrive
by sharing not just a little bit, but aggressively and widely.

Pearce says communities are stronger, more innovative and better able to rise to challenges
when we leverage our evolutionary advantage to cooperate, freely sharing ideas, projects
and prototypes.

In his how-to book, Create, Share, and Save Money Using Open Source Projects published this fall by McGraw Hill, Pearce offers hundreds of ways to give and receive,
from uploading photos to the digital commons and participating in audiobook projects
to widen the world’s library to building crowdsourced vehicles. And he introduces
readers to two worldwide communities: makers and open source (OS).

For years, the Michigan Technological University professor and researcher has been
sharing open-source principles and practices to help scientists in the 
world research community save millions of dollars. His audience and co-creators number in the thousands throughout the scientific,
open-source and maker communities. His latest book is different from the more scholarly
publications that precede it. Pearce specifically wrote for a broad audience. Create, Share, and Save Money Using Open Source Projects is particularly geared toward families, teachers and students, but Pearce hopes it
will inspire anyone who’s curious about the A-to-Z potential of making things and
using no-cost open-source venues to distribute them. 

Create, Share, and Save Money Using Open Source Projects by Joshua Pearce McGraw Hill book cover
The book cover features freely distributed photos of freely available plans and projects.
You can watch the book trailer to learn more.

“One of the prime benefits of sharing is recruiting the global maker community to
help you on your projects. You can hire a ‘virtual engineering firm’ simply by sharing
your design with an OS (open source) license.”Author Joshua Pearce

Never heard of RepRap (the self-replicating rapid prototyper that started low-cost
3D printing) or CNC milling (a computer numerical control process that precisely fabricates
objects)? And if everything’s free, what’s in it for me? Don’t be daunted, says Pearce.
It’s all explainable — starting with something just about everybody is familiar with:
the Golden Rule. 

The Golden Rule as the Gold Standard

Treat others as you want to be treated. A form of this rule exists across the majority
of world cultures, and it’s embodied in both the maker and OS communities. Makers
are the ultimate do-it-yourselfers. The philosophy is a modern iteration of something
folks everywhere have been doing for a long time: making things they need or want
out of necessity, for pleasure or both. Makers are also do-gooders, passing along
knowledge, pro tips and tricks of whatever their trade is, knitting to furniture-making,
on a multicultural, multigenerational basis. Traditions are preserved, recipes are
replicated or modified and creativity is expanded. Thanks to technological tools,
the maker movement is finding an even firmer foothold in the world. It’s closely allied
with the open-source philosophy.

Open source simply means technology where the plans, templates, or programs you need
for a project —  whether that’s computer software or a clothing pattern — are readily
available and you are free to do with them as you please (as long as you share your
improvements with the community). Accessing the tools and the plans isn’t difficult.
Neither is finding materials — some of it is stuff you were planning to throw out.
You just have to know where to look. That’s where the book and its numerous resource
links come in. 

Pearce, whose research focuses on open-source-appropriate technology for sustainability
and poverty-reduction solutions, has seen the benefits of the approach. 

“Our wealth grows collectively,” Pearce said. “We all have the opportunity to radically
reduce the cost of just about everything, from toys and electronics to kitchenware
and clothing.” That’s because 3D printers and similar tools allow people to make complex,
valuable products for themselves. 

“You can easily customize the products to fit your exact needs,” he says. “There are
already millions of free designs.” 

Some of those free designs, including cloth face coverings, personal protective equipment
(PPE) and
emergency ventilators, proved crucial when supply chains broke down during the COVID-19 pandemic. The desperately
needed supplies and equipment that the OS and maker communities were able to get to
market under tight timelines illustrate the maker movement’s potential to respond on an impactful, worldwide scale.

“At the start of the pandemic, with hospitals overflowing and critical shortages of
medical supplies of all kinds around the world, there was enormous pressure on the
maker community. Many of us knew we had the tools and felt personally responsible
to help as many people as we could. There has been an enormous outpouring of sharing.”Author Joshua Pearce

Like the Golden Rule, discovery is sequential. Open-source ideas and projects get
feedback that make them better or find new uses for the original concept. However,
if peer reviews and the heartwarming feeling of paying it forward doesn’t do it for
folks, perhaps the knowledge that sharing work in an open-source forum might land
them a job will. It’s a highly visible venue to show and share impressive work. 

And coupled with the science behind niceness — the evidence that humans prosper when
they help each other — there’s the lure of really good deals and the appeal of a world
where nothing goes to waste. How much money can you save on any given project? There’s
a formula for that. Pearce, who used to go through the SkyMall catalog on flights
tallying the products he could make and how much he’d save off the list price, walks
readers through the calculations in the book. 

The other big question: How much can you do to save the world? Plenty, from fun and
important citizen science projects for all ages (bat call identification or backyard
butterfly photography, anyone?) to how homemade
recyclebots convert waste into products you can customize.  

As hundreds of millions of people grapple with the health and economic impacts of
the pandemic, many have already turned to making (remember the sourdough craze last
spring?). Many families are working and learning together at home. During the traditional
holiday season, when so much is not as it once was, open-source projects (like
learning aids or even toys for the kiddos) and other forms of making can be a creative outlet, a budget saver and a way to
find a sense of community even in isolated circumstances.
 

Making the MOST of Technology and Hardwired Niceness

Pearce continually practices what he preaches and passes it on, at home and in his
courses and labs. His wife and kids, makers all, test-ran many of the projects detailed
in the book. Pearce is Michigan Tech’s Witte Professor and is cross-appointed in the
Department of Materials Science and Engineering and the Department of Electrical and
Computer Engineering. He heads up the
Michigan Tech Open Sustainability Technology Lab and also advises MTU’s student-run Open Source Hardware Enterprise Team. Many of the computers in Pearce’s research labs are IT discards that were junked
because they no longer ran Windows, now refitted with no-cost Linux software that
he deems “far superior” to the proprietary products—speaking of which, he also uses
free ad blockers and says it’s been years since his eyes were assaulted by a junk-cluttered screen. 

At Michigan Tech and after graduation, Pearce’s students have developed their own
open-source prowess, from 3D printing and slashing the cost of
adaptive aids for folks with arthritis to bigger endeavors—like the first 3D-printed building 

“This is Slightly Uncomfortable”

In an ideal world, any author could easily upload a book and have it reach hundreds
of thousands of readers. But as many an author knows, that isn’t how the publishing
industry works. And so, with a pragmatic nod to the irony, Pearce pursued and secured
a contract with a major publisher and copyrighted his work. The reason he took the
traditional route is simple. “I want it to reach as large a readership as possible,”
he says. The links and designs in the book remain open source, and can be accessed
at 
appropedia.org/create.

 

“This book is my educational outreach,” he said. “I want to see my future students
show up in Houghton with their open-source
3D printers.” This year the MOST Lab is recognizing an incoming first-year student who actively
worked to make the world a better place during their high school career by awarding
a
3D printer kit and copy of the book.

kids with 3D printers and a professor outside with a brick building and tree in the background
A 2015 flashback of Pearce with students and their kit-built 3D printers. Kits currently
start at about $200–400. Partially assembled printers cost a little more, while fully
assembled units are in the $1,200–2,500 range. Pearce says the initial investment
can be recouped in short order through what you’ll save making common household products that
you can customize as you please.

Pearce also looks forward to working with the Mind Trekkers (Michigan Tech’s lively STEM demonstration team comprising students who bring playful,
exciting experiments to kids and families). There will likely be other opportunities
through the Trekkers umbrella organization, the
Michigan Tech Center for Educational Outreach.

For now, the pandemic has put face-to-face activities on hold. Pearce is excited to
begin connecting virtually with educators, parents and others who want to help carry
the open-source and maker movements farther into the mainstream. He’s also anticipating
the day when book tours and author visits can return to in-person events. He might
just be one of the first authors ever to hand out 3D-printed bookmarks. 

Pearce’s playful, practical primer on a 21st-century way to share and prosper might
be the perfect gift for makers-in-the-making and future engineers of all ages. And
for any critics who see room for improvement, well, what else would an open-source
advocate do but cheerfully pass the baton? “Quit whining and make it better.” 

“When you share something in the global commons, you are planting a seed. Others may
help that seed grow into a mighty tree.”Joshua Pearce, from Create, Share, and Save Money Using Open Source Projects

More 3D Wizardry on Husky Bites

Pearce talks about the potential of 3D printing and open-source sharing in a fall
2020 session of the community webinar Husky Bites, the weekly BYOC (bring your own
curiosity) webinar for students, families, faculty, alumni and anyone who likes to
know how things work. 
Watch and learn.

Michigan Technological University is a public research university, home to more than
7,000 students from 54 countries. Founded in 1885, the University offers more than
120 undergraduate and graduate degree programs in science and technology, engineering,
forestry, business and economics, health professions, humanities, mathematics, and
social sciences. Our campus in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula overlooks the Keweenaw Waterway
and is just a few miles from Lake Superior.

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