Real-time Spatio-temporal Event Detection on Geotagged Social Media

Maria J. Danford

These days, people normally share news and shots on social media. For that reason, social media may be an great resource of info about breaking news. It can be applied to detect bush fires, website traffic incidents on highways, or protests.

A modern paper proposes a novel tactic to online spatio-temporal event detection. It is an unsupervised strategy that does not demand a record of described topics and proficiently detects the two regional and world-wide situations.

Social media reveals the dominant viewpoints on delicate matters. Graphic credit score: Geralt by way of Wikimedia

In purchase to detect situations with various spatial coverage, the quad-tree information structure for multi-scale event detection is developed. A Poisson model is put together with a smoothing function to detect situations with distinctive temporal resolutions. Quantitative and comparative evaluations verified that the proposed strategy detects new situations the right way and fully. The strategy can be generalized to distinctive social networks, as it was revealed with Twitter and Flickr.

A essential problem in mining social media information streams is to determine situations which are actively discussed by a group of people in a certain regional or world-wide area. Such situations are beneficial for early warning for incident, protest, election or breaking news. Nevertheless, neither the record of situations nor the resolution of the two event time and place is preset or acknowledged beforehand. In this operate, we suggest an online spatio-temporal event detection procedure working with social media that is capable to detect situations at distinctive time and place resolutions. Very first, to tackle the problem linked to the unfamiliar spatial resolution of situations, a quad-tree strategy is exploited in purchase to split the geographical place into multiscale regions dependent on the density of social media information. Then, a statistical unsupervised tactic is performed that involves Poisson distribution and a smoothing strategy for highlighting regions with sudden density of social posts. Further, event period is precisely estimated by merging situations happening in the similar area at consecutive time intervals. A post processing phase is introduced to filter out situations that are spam, faux or improper. Ultimately, we integrate easy semantics by working with social media entities to evaluate the integrity, and precision of detected situations. The proposed strategy is evaluated working with distinctive social media datasets: Twitter and Flickr for distinctive metropolitan areas: Melbourne, London, Paris and New York. To validate the performance of the proposed strategy, we look at our final results with two baseline algorithms dependent on preset split of geographical place and clustering strategy. For performance evaluation, we manually compute remember and precision. We also suggest a new good quality evaluate named toughness index, which instantly steps how correct the reported event is.

Investigation paper: George, Y., Karunasekera, S., Harwood, A., and Lim, K. H., “Real-time Spatio-temporal Event Detection on Geotagged Social Media”, 2021. Backlink: muscles/2106.13121

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